International Policy Issues

NGOs highlight human rights violations committed in the name of drug control (May 2015)
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) is planning to draft a report on the impact of drugs and drug control on human rights ... In order to feed into the report, a series of NGOs submitted letters highlighting the impact of drug control on human rights (IDPC)
The impact of drug policy on women (May 2015)
In the public mind, the “war on drugs” probably conjures up a male image. In most countries, official statistics would show that men, indeed, are the majority of people who use drugs recreationally, who have problematic use, and who sell drugs. But punitive drug laws and policies pose a heavy burden on women and, in turn, on the children for whom women are often the principal caregivers (Open Society Foundations)
West Africa drug policy training toolkit: Facilitation guide (May 2015)
This toolkit allows IDPC and a wide range of organisations to deliver trainings and workshops on drug policy advocacy to their civil society partners and members. It covers the areas of drug policy, civil society advocacy, harm reduction, crime and security, and drug treatment and prevention (IDPC)
The Impact of Drug Policy on Women (May 2015)
This paper offers an overview of the gender dimension of the war on drugs and the burdens that ill-conceived policies and inadequate programs place on women and girls (Open Society Foundations)
Demystifying ‘Narcoterrorism’ (May 2015)
This policy brief considers the way in which the term has evolved since the early 1980s and the main official and academic attempts at defining it (Global Drug Policy Observatory)
The new drug warriors (May 2015)
As one side of the world softens its line against illegal drugs, another is getting tougher - and more vocal (Economist)
Why the high level general assembly thematic debate towards the 2016 UNGASS on drugs is important (April 2015)
On 7th May 2015, the UN General Assembly will hold a high-level thematic debate in support of the process towards the UN General Assembly Special Session on the World Drug Problem (UNGASS) scheduled for April 2016. The UNGASS is set to be a critical juncture for the international drug policy debate and will be an opportunity for an honest assessment of the successes and failures of global drug control policies (IDPC)
Drug use and its consequences in the Western Balkans 2006–14 (March 2015)
Insight into the drug-related problems faced by six countries in the region, through the available data gathered by a range of partners and the EMCDDA
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2014 (March 2015)
The international community will continue to count on the drug control treaties, international Instruments that have withstood the test of time and remain relevant to addressing future challenges. All that is required is the continued commitment of all States to act in concert in the e?ective implementation of those instruments (INCB)
Ketamine under international law (March 2015)
This post explores the relationship of drugs and international law, specifically international drug control law and international human rights law, using the topical example of placing ketamine under international control (Global Drug Policy Observatory)
UN Ketamine Vote Could Spark Public Health Crisis in Developing World (March 2015)
The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) in Vienna will soon decide between two opposite proposals by China and the World Health Organization (WHO) concerning the international control of ketamine, an essential anaesthetic in human and veterinary medicine (Talking Drugs)
EU Alcohol Strategy report published (March 2015)
The European Union must act to combat alcohol-related harm, a Lords report urges. New action by the EU should focus on measures it can take itself rather than relying on Member State action alone (Parliament, UK)
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2014 (March 2015)
The international community will continue to count on the drug control treaties, international instruments that have withstood the test of time and remain relevant to addressing future challenges. All that is required is the continued commitment of all States to act in concert in the e?ective implementation of those instruments (INCB)
Casualties of War (February 2015)
How the War on Drugs is harming the world’s poorest (Health Poverty Action)
WHO calls for worldwide use of "smart" syringes (February 2015)
The World Health Organization is launching a new policy on injection safety and a global campaign with support from the IKEA Foundation and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, to help all countries tackle the pervasive issue of unsafe injections (WHO)
CND decision to schedule ketamine would undermine WHO treaty mandate (February 2015)
The UN Commission considers to bring ketamine under the control of the 1971 Convention on Psychotropic Substances contrary to WHO recommendations (Global Drug Policy Observatory)
Global State of Harm Reduction 2014 (February 2015)
The data gathered for the report provided a critical baseline against which progress could be measured in terms of international, regional and national recognition of harm reduction in policy and practice (Harm Reduction International)
INCB warns against weakening the international drugcontrol legal framework (February 2015)
At the opening of its 112th Session on Monday, the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) once again cautioned the members of the international community of the public health risks associated with the adoption of legislative and policy measures which are inconsistent with the provisions of the three United Nations drug control conventions (UNIS)
Human rights, drug control and the UN special procedures (February 2015)
Preventing arbitrary detention through the promotion of human rights in drug control (International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy)
Drugs and Development:The Great Disconnect (January 2015)
This report argues that ‘drugs’ are a development issue and must be recognised as such by development agencies (GDPO)
World Drug Report 2014 (January 2015)
IDPC response to the 2014 UNODC World Drug Report (January 2015)
In this report, the most recent of the IDPC’s annual responses to the UNODC’s World Drug Report, we aim to provide an overview of the data and topics presented in the Report, and where appropriate – and within the context of the Office’s narrative stance – offer a critical analysis of both (IDPC)
Yury Fedotov (UNODC) on Afghanistan, Security Council, 7347th meeting (December 2014)
Video - Statement by Mr. Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) at the 7347th meeting of the Security Council on the situation in Afghanistan (UNODC)
Where is the evidence (December 2014)
Realising the value of grey literature for public policy and practice (Australian Policy Online)
Drugnet Europe 88 (November 2014)
Includes: Financing drug policy in Europe in the wake of the economic recession | Preventing opioid deaths — legal issues around the provision of naloxone (EMCDDA)
America’s drug policies have done little more than make the most dangerous drugs even riskier (November 2014)
Daniel Faris looks at U.S. drug policy, and argues that we should look to emulate countries such as Germany, Canada and Australia, which have introduced supervised injection sites, as a way to remove as much danger as possible and to begin a societal discussion about how best to treat the problem of drug abuse (LSE USApp blog)
Community management of opioid overdose (November 2014)
These guidelines recommend that people who are likely to witness an opioid overdose, including people who use opioids, and their family and friends should be given access to naloxone and training in its use so that they can respond to opioid overdose in an emergency if a medical response is not available (World Health Organization)
EMCDDA–Europol Joint Report on a new psychoactive substance: 1-cyclohexyl-4-(1,2-diphenylethyl)piperazine (‘MT-45’) (September 2014)
The two organisations concluded that sufficient information had been accumulated to merit the production of a Joint Report on MT-45 as stipulated by Article 5.1 of the Council Decision.
New Psychoactive Substances
Projects, Studies and Research funded by the European Commission
EMCDDA–Eurojust Memorandum of understanding (July 2014)
Exchanging strategic and technical information in the areas of drug legislation and supply was among the pledges made today in a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the EU drugs agency (EMCDDA) and the EU judicial cooperation unit (Eurojust)
EMCDDA-Europol 2013 Annual Report on the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA (July 2014)
This report presents the key activities performed by the EMCDDA and Europol in 2013, with details on all the relevant activities in support of the implementation of Council Decision 2005/387/JHA on the information exchange, risk assessment and control of new psychoactive substances, including new psychoactive substances notified in 2013, Joint Reports produced, risk assessments conducted and public health alerts and advisories issued
In Search of Rights (July 2014)
Drug Users and State Responses in Latin America (CEDD)
All you need to know about Polish Drug routes (July 2014)
Polish drug market analysis (Drug Reporter)
The 2012 ESPAD impact survey (July 2014)
The survey was a joint initiative of the Pompidou Group and ESPAD, with a contribution of the EMCDDA.
The World Drug Report (June 2014)
Provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption (UNODC)
The Alternative World Drug Report (June 2014)
The Alternative World Drug Report, launched to coincide with the publication of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime’s 2012 World Drug Report, exposes the failure of governments and the UN to assess the extraordinary costs of pursuing a global war on drugs, and calls for UN member states to meaningfully count these costs and explore all the alternatives (Count the Costs)
Risk-assessment and control of new psychoactive substances (June 2014)
Council of the European Union Decision
A year in review: Highlights from the EMCDDA’s General Report of Activities 2013 (June 2014)
he series ‘A year in review’ contains the essence of the EMCDDA's General Report of Activities. It is designed to provide interested audiences with a brief, four-page summary of the agency’s achievements for the year concerned with a focus on key topics ( EMCDDA)
Scheduling in the international drug control system (June 2014)
While often viewed as an obscure technical issue, the problem of scheduling lies at the core of the functioning of the international drug control system. Scheduling – the classification of a substance within a graded system of controls and restrictions, or 'schedules' – must take place in order for a substance to be included in the international control framework, and determines the type and intensity of controls to be applied (TNI)
EU drugs agency places six topics in the spotlight with new online analyses (May 2014)
This latest selection of online, interactive analyses provides a state-of-the-art review of key aspects of the European drug situation (EMCDDA)
European Drug Report 2014: Trends and developments (May 2014)
This report provides a top-level overview of the long-term drug-related trends and developments at European level, while homing in on emerging problems in specific countries (EMCDDA)
Drugs and crime threat mobilizes international support for West Africa Coast Initiative (May 2014)
Donor representatives and high-level officials, including UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov have gathered in New York to renew their support for the West African region through the West Africa Coast Initiative (UNODC)
Global Synthetic Drugs Assessment (May 2014)
Amphetamine-type sti mulants and new psychoacti ve substances (UNODC)
INCB President underscores the importance of shared responsibility in reducing global trafficking of new psychoactive substance (May 2014)
Raymond Yans, President of the Board, addressed the 2014 International Conference on New Drugs, delivering a speech on shared international responsibility in reducing global trafficking of non-controlled new psychoactive substances (INCB)
Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 (May 2014)
The Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States (WHO)
European policy on khat (May 2014)
Drug policy lessons not learned (Global Drug Policy Program)
Ending the Drug Wars (May 2014)
Report of the LSE Expert Group on the Economics of Drug Policy (LSE)
MEPs back rules to take harmful “legal highs” off the market faster (April 2014)
Draft rules to ensure that harmful psychoactive substances, known as "legal highs", are withdrawn rapidly from the EU market were approved by Parliament on Thursday
The Global Drug Survey 2014 findings (April 2014)
Reflections on the results of the world’s biggest ever drug survey by Dr Adam Winstock
New Psychoactive Drugs: No Easy Answer (April 2014)
This edition of Policy Talk reviews current knowledge of new psychoactive substances, a category of substances that is challenging government controls across the world, and compares how health authorities are responding to the challenges, with special reference to Australia and New Zealand (ADF)
The changing nature of “ecstasy” (April 2014)
Global SMART Update (UNODC)
The illicit drug trade through South-Eastern Europe (March 2014)
UK negotiates closer global collaboration on drugs (March 2014)
Ministers encourage countries to adopt a modern, balanced and evidence-based approach to tackling the use and supply of illegal drugs (Government, UK)
Regional drug strategies across the world (March 2014)
This paper offers a comparison of the drug strategies and plans adopted over the last five years by six intergovernmental organisations engaging 148 countries in four continents (EMCDDA)
INCB Annual Report 2013 (March 2014)
The report provides a comprehensive overview of the drug control situation in various parts of the world; Statistics for 2012 (INCB)
INCB report on Narcotic Drugs (March 2014)
Estimated World Requirements for 2014 (INCB)
INCB report on Psychotropic Substances (March 2014)
Assessments of Annual Medical and Scientific Requirements for Substances in Schedules II, III and IV of the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971; Statistics for 2012 (INCB)
EMCDDA 2014 Work Programme (Feb 2014)
The 2014 Work Programme continues to implement the commitments set out in the EMCDDA’s 2013–15 strategy and work programme (EMCDDA)
Amphetamine-Type Stimulants in Latin America 2014 (Feb 2014)
UNODC report
An Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem (Feb 2014)
Contribution of the International Narcotics Control Board to the high-level review of the implementation by Member States of the Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem (INCB)
Contribution of the UNODC Executive Director to the high-level review of the implementation of the Political Declaration and Plan of Action on the world drug problem, to be conducted by the 2014 CND (Feb 2014)
This paper intends to support the discussions of the high-level review by presenting global trends on the evolution of the drug problem since the adoption of the Plan of Action and by making some reflections on the way forward (IDPC)
Are the three drug conventions still the cornerstone of the world drug control system? (Jan 2014)
Reflections from the CND inter-sessional meeting on January 14, 2014 (IDPC)
More must be done to confront drug trade, rise in domestic addiction (Jan 2014)
In a recent meeting with Afghan Counter-Narcotics Minister Din Mohammad Mobarez Rashidi, UNODC's Executive Director Yury Fedotov stressed that the illicit drug trade was a severe threat to public health, good governance and sustainable development in West and Central Asia as well as elsewhere (UNODC)
Injecting drug use among under-18s (Jan 2014)
Young people who inject drugs have specific developmental, social and environmental vulnerabilities. They are less likely to use harm reduction and treatment services and are less informed about risks and their rights. Early onset of injecting, and being a new injector, have been associated with increased risks of HIV and hepatitis C transmission, while specific groups of young people, especially those that are street involved, are at considerably higher risk PDF (International Drug Policy Consortium)
Drug policy advocacy organisations in Europe (Dec 2013)
This study explores the civil society organisations that engage in drug policy advocacy in Europe (EMCDDA)
Uruguay is breaking the International Conventions on Drug Control with the Cannabis Legislation approved by its Congress (Dec 2013)
The International Narcotics Control Board(INCB) regrets that the legislation to legalize production, sale and consumption of cannabis for non-medical purposes approved yesterday in Uruguay contravenes the 1961 Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, to which Uruguay is a party (INCB)
Agreement between the European Union and the Russian Federation on drug precursors (Dec 2013)
On 20 November 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent
Review of social determinants and the health divide in the WHO European Region: final report (Dec 2013)
Action is needed on the social determinants of health, across the life-course and in wider social and economic spheres to achieve greater health equity and protect future generations (WHO)
Council conclusions on improving the monitoring of drug supply in the European Union (Nov 2013)
A set of Council conclusions on improving the monitoring of drug supply in the European Union was adopted by the Economic and Financial Affairs Council
Power to ban legal highs should remain with Member States (Nov 2013)
The House of Lords EU Committee has today called on the European Commission to think again about a new proposed Regulation and Directive to transfer the power to ban and regulate new psychoactive substances from Member States to the European Commission (Parliament UK)
IDPC response to the UNODC World Drug Report 2013 (Nov 2013)
What is more disappointing, however, is the fact that the Report displays a persistent message around the fact that the international drug control structures remain more or less effective at the global scale and that the market for drugs included within the conventions remains ‘stable’ - download (IDPC)
Report of IDPC/SICAD Expert seminar (Nov 2013)
Where next for Europe on drug policy reform? - download (IDPC)
European Commission takes decisive action against legal highs (Oct 2013)
The European Commission today proposed to strengthen the European Union’s ability to respond to ‘legal highs’ – new psychoactive substances used as alternatives to illicit drugs such as cocaine and ecstasy (Europa)
The temporal relationship between drug supply indicators: an audit of international government surveillance systems (Oct 2013)
With few exceptions and despite increasing investments in enforcement-based supply reduction efforts aimed at disrupting global drug supply, illegal drug prices have generally decreased while drug purity has generally increased since 1990. These findings suggest that expanding efforts at controlling the global illegal drug market through law enforcement are failing (BMJ)
The World Drug Report (Sept 2013)
A comprehensive overview of the latest developments in drug markets. It covers production, trafficking, consumption and the related health consequences - Full report (UNODC)
Presidential Memorandum (Sept 2013)
Presidential Determination on the annual Presidential Determination on Major Illicit Drug Transit and Drug Producing Countries (Barack Obama)
World Drug Report 2013 June 2013
The World Drug Report presents a comprehensive overview of the latest developments in drug markets. It covers production, trafficking, consumption and the related health consequences (UNODC)
1st TEDI trend report June 2013
The Trans European Drug Information project (TEDI) is a network of European fieldwork Drug Checking services that share their expertise and data within a European monitoring and information system. TEDI's chief aim is to improve public health repsonses to recreational drug use (TEDI)
Models of addiction June 2013
This report contains a critical review of existing addiction theories and explores how these can be organised into an overarching structure to inform how we assess, prevent and treat addictive behaviours. This model is not limited to illicit drugs, but can also be applied to alcohol, tobacco and even non-pharmacological addictions, such as gambling or compulsive use of the Internet (EMCDDA)
A year in review: Highlights from the EMCDDA’s General Report of Activities 2012 June 2013
The series ‘A year in review’ contains the essence of the EMCDDA's General Report of Activities. It is designed to provide interested audiences with a brief summary of the agency’s achievements for the year concerned with a focus on key topics (EMCDDA)
North American drug prevention programmes: are they feasible in European cultures and contexts? June 2013
Some commentators argue that programmes developed in North America (Canada and the US) are unlikely to work in European countries, due to differing cultural contexts and because most of the evidence for their effectiveness comes from North America. This Thematic paper presents experiences of adapting and implementing four innovative and proven North American drug prevention programmes in Europe (EMCDDA)
Perspectives on drugs: The new EU Drugs Strategy (2013–20) June 2013
A new EU drugs strategy (2013–20) was endorsed by the Justice and Home Affairs Council of the European Union on 7 December 2012. The main features of the new strategy, and how it aims to address Europe’s changing drugs problem, are presented in this analysis (EMCDDA)
European Drug Report 2013 May 2013
The Trends and developments report presents a top-level overview of the drug phenomenon in Europe, covering drug supply, use and public health problems as well as drug policy and responses. Together with the online Statistical bulletin, Country overviews and Perspectives on drugs, it makes up the 2013 European Drug Report package (EMCDDA)
OAS Secretary General Presents Report on the Drug Problem in the Americas May 2013
The Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS), José Miguel Insulza, today issued a stark review of the reality experienced in relation to drugs - Scenarios Report (OAS, USA)
A growing EU illicit drugs market shows the impact of the crisis March 2013
The economic crisis is expected to have a major impact on the drugs market, for example through an increase of demand for illicit drugs, according to the findings of a study - Further insights into aspects of the EU illicit drugs market - published today by the (European Commission, Belgium)
The challenge of new psychoactive substances: A Report from the Global SMART Programme March 2013
This report is the first global situation assessment on new psychoactive substances put forward under the Global SMART Programme (UNODC,)
INCB Annual Report 2012 March 2013
Based on its activities, INCB publishes an annual report that is submitted to ECOSOC through the Commission on Narcotic Drugs. The report provides a comprehensive overview of the drug control situation in various parts of the world (INCB)
Corruption in Afghanistan: recent patterns and trends February 2013
This summary report highlights the major findings of a large-scale survey in 2012 on the extent of bribery and other forms of corruption in Afghanistan (UNODC)
How to make drug policy better January 2013
Key findings from UKDPC research into drug policy governance (UKDPC)
EU Drugs Strategy December 2012
This EU Drugs Strategy provides the overarching political framework and priorities for EU drugs policy identified by Member States and EU institutions, for the period 2013-2020. The framework, aim and objectives of this Strategy will serve as a basis for two consecutive 4 year EU Drugs Action plans (Council of European Union)
Prevalence of daily cannabis use in the European Union and Norway November 2012
This report brings together, for the first time in Europe, an integrated overview of the prevalence of intensive cannabis use, defined as daily or almost daily cannabis use | EMCDDA
Prisons and drugs in Europe: the problem and responses November 2012
The study looks at how the internationally recognised rights of prisoners and the European and international rules that set standards for the care of prisoners apply to those with drug problems | EMCDDA
EMCDDA-Europol Joint Report on a new psychoactive substance: 4-methylamphetamine November 2012
The two organisations concluded that sufficient information had been accumulated to merit the production of a Joint Report on 4-methylamphetamine as stipulated by Article 5.1 of the Decision | EMCDDA
EMCDDA Trendspotter study on fentanyl in Europe November 2012
The EMCDDA Trendspotter case study on Fentanyl in Europe was undertaken during September and October 2012 | EMCDDA
HIV outbreak among injecting drug users in Romania November 2012
This is an updated report for the EMCDDA on the recent outbreak of HIV infections among drug injectors in Romania | EMCDDA
HIV outbreak among injecting drug users in Greece November 2012
This is an updated report for the EMCDDA on the recent outbreak of HIV infections among drug injectors in Greece | EMCDDA.
Seizures of drugs in England and Wales, 2011/12 November 2012
There were 216,296 drug seizures by the police and the UK Border Agency (UKBA) in England and Wales in 2011/12, a two per cent increase on 2010/11 | Home Office, UK
2012 Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe November 2012
This is an essential reference book for policymakers, specialists and practitioners in the drugs field or indeed anyone seeking the latest findings on drugs in Europe | EMCDDA
National reports November 2012
Listed by country for download as PDF | EMCDDA
Pregnancy, childcare and the family: key issues for europe’s response to drugs October 2012
Drugs and the family: ‘room for improvement’ in responding to problems. Download | EMCDDA
WHO expert committee on drug dependence October 2012
Thirty-fifth report | World Health Organization
The War on Drugs October 2012
Options and Alternatives | Count the Costs
Preventing opioid overdoses in Europe October 2012
This report focuses on individual, situational and organisational risk factors for overdoses and how they can be modified to reduce fatal outcomes | EMCDDA
Governing The Global Drug Wars October 2012
Since 1909 the international community has worked to eradicate the abuse of narcotics. A century on, the efforts are widely acknowledged to have failed, and worse, have spurred black market violence and human rights abuses. How did this drug control system arise, why has it proven so durable in the face of failure, and is there hope for reform? | London School of Economics and Political Science
Mexico's Drug War October 2012
A US report analyzing the nature of Mexico's drug war | Center for the National Interest, USA
New guidelines for monitoring drug users entering treatment September 2012
Published in the EMCDDA Manuals series, the guidelines have been revised to better reflect the realities of today’s drug situation and changes in treatment services and data monitoring systems. They follow a three-year revision process involving experts from the EU Member States, Croatia, Turkey, Norway and Switzerland | EMCDDA
EMCDDA 2013–15 strategy and work programme September 2012
The 2013–15 strategy and work programme is the third one since the EMCDDA’s recast Regulation in 2006. It is built around three top-level commitments: (a) providing a relevant, timely and responsive analysis of the drug situation; (b) efficiency: deriving maximum value from activities and investments; (c) communication and a customer-orientated approach | EMCDDA
Travel and drug use in Europe: a short review September 2012
Little is known about the issue of drug use by travellers. This Thematic paper seeks to increase the interest in this topic both in terms of research and of developing adequate responses to problems related to drugs and travel. Download | EMCDDA
A Discussion About Drug Policy Is Long Overdue September 2012
Of the many issues that national politicians routinely gloss over during campaign season, one they’re least likely to touch - and haven’t, in any real way, since the 1980s - is drug policy | Human Rights Watch
Crises and radical thinking on drug policy August 2012
Reform has always been a “two-steps forward, one-step back” undertaking | Transnational Institute, Netherlands
U.S. Agencies Have Allotted Billions in Andean Countries August 2012
But Department of Defense Should Improve Its Reporting of Results. Download | GAO, USA
Guidelines for the evaluation of drug prevention July 2012
A manual for programme planners and evaluators (second edition). Dowload | EMCDDA
Global State of Harm Reduction 2012 July 2012
This report, and other global state of harm reduction resources, are designed to provide reference tools for a wide range of audiences, such as international donor organisations, multilateral and bilateral agencies, civil society and non-governmental organisations, including organisations of people who use drugs, as well as researchers and the media. Download | IHRA
Data: statistical bulletin 2012 July 2012
Available for viewing on screen, or downloadable in Excel format, the information is organised according to 11 datasets, covering issues from the prevalence of drug use and the demand for treatment to the price and purity of drugs, responses to drug use and drug-related crime, infectious diseases and deaths | EMCDDA
A breakthrough in the making? July 2012
Shifts in the Latin American drug policy debate. Download | Transnational Institute, Netherlands
A Quiet Revolution July 2012
Drug Decriminalisation Policies in Practice Across the Globe. Download | Release, UK
Government response to Lords report on EU drug policy July 2012
Response to the House of Lords select committee on the European Union's 26th report of session 2010-2012 entitled "The EU Drugs Strategy" | Lord Henley, Minister of State for crime prevention and anti-social behaviour reduction, UK
World Drug Report 2012 June 2012
Illicit drug markets have global dimensions and require coordinated responses on a comparable scale. In this context, the World Drug Report aims to improve understanding of the illicit drug problem and contribute to more international cooperation for countering it. Full report | UNODC
The Alternative World Drug Report June 2012
The Alternative World Drug Report, launched to coincide with publication of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime’s 2012 World Drug Report, exposes the failure of governments and the UN to assess the extraordinary costs of pursuing a global war on drugs, and calls for UN member states to meaningfully count these costs and explore all the alternatives | Count the Costs
The War on Drugs and HIV/AIDS June 2012
How the Criminalization of Drug Use Fuels the Global Pandemic | Report of the Global Commissionon Drug Policy
Partners in Crime June 2012
International Funding for Drug Control and Gross Violations of Human Rights | Harm Reduction International
General report of activities 2011 June 2012
The General report of activities is an annual publication providing a detailed progress report of the EMCDDA’s activities over a 12-month period. It catalogues the Centre’s achievements in each area of its annual work programme | EMCDDA
The damage of drugs or damage from drug policy June 2012
Drug Policy presentation by Julian Buchanan | Prezi
International narcotics control June 2012
A report by the United States Senate caucus on international narcotics control - one hundred twelfth congress second session | United States Senate
Draft Council Conclusions on the new EU drugs strategy June 2012
The Council adopted conclusions on the new EU drugs strategy (10231/12), which is the political framework in the field of drugs for 2013-2020 setting out the longer-term strategic development of the EU drugs policy | Council of the European Union
Early warning system — national profiles May 2012
This publication presents 30 profiles of the national early warning systems on new psychoactive substances in operation in Europe in 2011 | EMCDDA
Drug-related research in Europe: recent developments and future perspectives May 2012
An update on the EMCDDA 2008 Selected Issue on drug-related research, this thematic paper identifies current and future challenges/opportunities for drug-related research in Europe | EMCDDA
EMCDDA trend report for the evaluation of the 2005–12 EU drugs strategy April 2012
It reviews the main trends and changes in the European drug situation and in the responses developed by the EU Member States. Four main areas are covered by the report: drug use and drug-related problems; drug supply; drug policies; and demand reduction interventions | EMCDDA
Assessment of the implementation of the EU Drugs Strategy 2005—2012 and its Action Plans April 2012
The 2005-2012 EU Drugs Strategy (as with previous strategies) was developed to complement and add value to national strategies and approaches while respecting the principles of subsidiarity and proportionality set out in the EU Treaties - Download - Summary | RAND, USA
A war against people who use drugs April 2012
The costs | Eurasian Harm Reduction Network
Providing guidance to policy makers for developing coherent policies for licit and illicit drugs April 2012
This policy paper aims to provide decision makers and policy managers with an overview of the basic principles, instruments and tools that will support them in developing, reviewing and implementing drug policies, strategies and action plans | Pompidou Group, Europe
Drug Policy Guide March 2012
The Guide is designed to assist national policy makers in the process of developing effective, humane and appropriate drug policies and programmes for their country. Each chapter of the Guide introduces a specific type of policy challenge, analyses existing evidence and experiences of different countries, and presents advice and recommendations for developing effective policy responses | International Drug Policy Consortium
Guide on Estimating Requirements for Substances under International Control March 2012
The Guide is meant to assist Governments of countries with low levels of consumption of controlled substances in calculating their requirements so that they can then submit to INCB estimates and assessments that accurately reflect those requirements. It could also be useful for Governments of countries in which the consumption levels for some substances are disproportionately high | INCB
Towards revision of the UN drug control conventions March 2012
Recent years have seen a growing unwillingness among increasing numbers of States parties to fully adhere to a strictly prohibitionist reading of the three principal UN drug control conventions - Download | Transnational Institute, Netherlands
The EU Drugs Strategy March 2012
26th Report of Session 2010–12. European Union Committee | House of Lords, UK
A definition of drug mules for use in a European context March 2012
This latest EMCDDA Thematic paper explores whether a common definition of ‘drug mules’ can be developed in the European context and assesses the implications of this for data gathering and future research - Download | EMCDDA
EMCDDA Budget 2012 March 2012
Each year, a preliminary draft budget is presented by the Centre's Director to the Management Board, which may modify the draft before adopting it and submitting it to the European Commission - Download | EMCDDA
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2011 February 2012
In its report for 2011, the Board outlines many of today’s challenges in drug control | INCB
Narcotic Drugs - Estimated World Requirements for 2012 - Statistics for 2010 February 2012
Technical Report | International Narcotics Control Board
Psychotropic Substances February 2012
Technical report 2011: Statistics for 2010. Assessments of Annual Medical and Scientific Requirements for Substances in Schedules II, III and IV of the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 | International Narcotics Control Board
Work programme 2012 February 2012
The 2012 EMCDDA work programme takes forward activities begun in 2010 to implement the EMCDDA's three-year strategy (2010–12). This strategy seeks to: consolidate and deepen the analysis of core datasets held at the EMCDDA; invest in more complex and policy-relevant analysis; and develop a small number of new areas of strategic importance - Download | EMCDDA
Legal topic overviews: classification of controlled drugs January 2012
This Topic Overview looks at the UN system, the EU’s system of pan-European control, and finally gives a table outlining the similarities and differences of the national systems in the EU and Norway | EMCDDA
Extent of illicit drug use and dependence, and their contribution to the global burden of disease January 2012
This paper summarises data for the prevalence, correlates, and probable adverse health consequences of problem use of amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, and opioids | The Lancet, UK
Drug policy and the public good: evidence for effective interventions January 2012
Evidence-based interventions are increasingly being identified that are capable of making drugs less available, reducing violence in drug markets, lessening misuse of legal pharmaceuticals, preventing drug use initiation in young people, and reducing drug use and its consequences in established drug users
How well do international drug conventions protect public health? January 2012
Over the past 50 years international drug treaties have neither prevented the globalisation of the illicit production and non-medical use of these drugs, nor, outside of developed countries, made these drugs adequately available for medical use | The Lancet, UK
Should national drugs policies be harmonised? December 2011
Lord Henley, the Minister of State for Crime Prevention, will face questions from the House of Lords EU Sub-Committee on Home Affairs as part of its inquiry into the EUs drugs strategy | House of Lords, UK
Patterns and Trends of Amphetamine-Type Stimulants and Other Drugs – Asia and the Pacific – 2011 November 2011
A Report from the Global SMART Programme | UNODC
Inflicting Harm November 2011
Judicial corporal punishment for Drug and Alcohol Offences in Selected Countries | IHRA
2011 Annual report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe November 2011
The report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe presents the EMCDDA's yearly overview of the drug phenomenon. This is an essential reference book for policymakers, specialists and practitioners in the drugs field or indeed anyone seeking the latest findings on drugs in Europe | EMCDDA
Mortality related to drug use in Europe November 2011
This Selected issue focuses on mortality among drug users due to all causes, of which drug-induced deaths (overdoses) is only a component, albeit the one most well-documented. Download | EMCDDA
Cost and financing of drug treatment services in Europe November 2011
This Selected issue provides an exploratory European overview of costs associated with treatment for drug dependence. The cost of drug treatment in Europe is looked at from two main angles in this report. Download | EMCDDA
Narco-Terror: Conflating the Wars on Drugs and Terror October 2011
P. Gallahue, Essex Human Rights Review, Vol. 8 No. 1, October 2011 | International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy
Prevention profiles 2011 October 2011
What are countries in Europe doing to prevent illicit drug use? 'Prevention profiles' try to answer this question by providing information based on expert appraisal of the level of provision of different prevention measures in Europe | EMCDDA
European Commission seeks stronger EU response to fight dangerous new synthetic drugs October 2011
The European Commission has today given a fresh impetus to anti-drugs policy by announcing an overhaul of the EU rules to fight illicit drugs, particularly new psychoactive substances, which imitate the effects of dangerous drugs like ecstasy or cocaine and are a growing proble | Europa
The Challenge of Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations October 2011
An Assessment of Mexican Security Based on Existing RAND Research on Urban Unrest, Insurgency, and Defense-Sector Reform. Full document | RAND, USA
The EU Drugs Strategy October 2011
Video - Professor Cindy Fazey, University of Liverpool; Professor Susanne MacGregor, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; and Professor Alex Stevens, University of Kent | Parliament, UK
Narcoterrorism and the Long Reach of U.S. Law Enforcement October 2011
In testimony before the U.S. House of Representatives Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade, Vanda Felbab-Brown speaks on the relationship between drug trade and criminal and belligerent groups in Afghanistan, Mexico, Colombia and West Africa | Brookings, USA
Presidential Memorandum - Major Illicit Drug Transit September 2011
Presidential Determination on Major Illicit Drug Transit or Major Illicit Drug Producing Countries for Fiscal Year 2012 | White House, USA
2011 Death Penalty report September 2011
Responsibility and Shared Consequences’ is the fourth report on the death penalty for drug-related offences produced by | Harm Reduction International
2011 Global ATS Assessment September 2011
It ranks amphetamine-type stimulants such as ecstasy and methamphetamine as the world's second most widely used type of drug after cannabis | United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
2011 National Drug Threat Assessment September 2011
National Drug Intelligence Center, USA
World Drug Report 2011 June 2011
The World Drug Report documents developments in global drug markets and tries to explain the factors that drive them. Its analysis of trends and emerging challenges informs national and international drug and crime priorities and policies, and provides a solid foundation of evidence for counternarcotics interventions | UNODC
The Transatlantic Cocaine Market June 2011
While almost all of the cocaine produced globally comes from the Andean region (Colombia, Peru and the Plurinational State of Bolivia), the location of demand has shifted drastically in the last decade | UNODC
The Latin American Drug Trade June 2011
Scope, Dimensions, Impact, and Response | Rand Corporation, USA
The WHO Policy Guidelines for Controlled Substances June 2011
WHO Policy guidelines ensuring balance in national policies on controlled substances, guidance for availability and accessibility for controlled medicines | World Health Organisation via IDPC
The Latin American Drug Trade June 2011
Scope, Dimensions, Impact, and Response | RAND Corporation, USA
EMCDDA General report of activities 2010 June 2011
The General report of activities is an annual publication providing a detailed progress report of the EMCDDA’s activities over a 12-month period. It catalogues the Centre’s achievements in each area of its annual work programme. Download report | EMCDDA
New Journal on Human Rights and Drug Policy available in full online May 2011
Produced by the International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy the journal critically engages with many of the frequently neglected human rights issues raised by drug policy and law enforcement. It is also open access, so available to all - Download full volume | TDPF, UK
Sustainable livelihoods: a broader vision May 2011
Social support and integration to prevent illicit drug use, HIV/AIDS and crime - discussion paper | UNODC
Drug-related research: Member States May 2011
A better overview of ongoing research and existing research structures may assist researchers in Member States to avoid duplication, improve collaboration and help disseminate knowledge of funding opportunities | EMCDDA
The Seven Costs Summary Briefing March 2011
The War on Drugs: Are we paying too high a price? [Count the Costs]
The War on Drugs: Undermining international development and security, increasing conflict March 2011
These costs result not from drug use itself, but from choosing a punitive enforcement-led approach that, by its nature, places control of the trade in the hands of organised crime, and criminalises many users [Count the Costs]
The Drug War in Mexico: Confronting a Shared Threat March 2011
This 35-page US report analyzes the drug war in Mexico [Council on Foreign Relations, USA]
2011 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report March 2011
The 2011 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) is an annual report by the Department of State to Congress prepared in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act. Volume I and Volume II [Department of State, USA]
INCB Annual Report 2010 March 2011
The report highlights the Board's concerns about issues such as designer drugs, synthetic cannabinoids and precursor chemicals and also presents regional developments and recommendations for Governments [INCB]
Drug policy February 2011
Lessons learned and options for the future [IDPC]
The development of international drug control February 2011
Lessons learned and strategic challenges for the future PDF [Transnational Institute, Netherlands]
Policy analysis with incredible certitude February 2011
I develop a typology of incredible analytical practices and gives illustrative cases. I call these practices conventional certitude, dueling certitudes, conflating science and advocacy, wishful extrapolation, illogical certitude, and media overreach [Charles F. Manski - Department of Economics and Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University]
Global Status report on alcohol and health 2011 February 2011
The Global status report on alcohol and health (2011) presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States[World Health Organization]
HIV Testing and Human Rights: Resources and Fact Sheets February 2011
However, there is growing evidence from several countries that ... people who use drugs, and sex workers are being forced by police to submit to HIV tests against their will [Open Society Foundations, USA]
Drug policies and harm reduction in South East Europe January 2011
This briefing paper is the first of a series focusing on drug-related issues in SEE. It provides an overview of the current situation regarding harm reduction services and national drug policies in the region [IDPC]
Global Commission on HIV and the Law January 2011
IDPC calls Global Commission on HIV and the Law to consider health and human rights implications of current drug control strategy. Submission to HIV Law Commission [IDPC]
EMCDDA Work programme 2011 January 2011
The 2011 work programme takes forward activities begun in 2010 to implement the EMCDDA’s three-year strategy (2010–12) PDF [EMCDDA]
Innocent bystanders : developing countries and the war on drugs January 2011
This book contributes to the debate by shedding light on the understanding of the economics and logistics of the drug market. 27.44MB PDF [World Bank]
Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch: Global drugs policy in 2010 January 2011
Watch the full length presentation by the head of OSI's Global Drug Policy Program, that was recorded at the "Urban Drug Policies in the Globalized World" Conference in Prague, 30th September 2010 [Drug Reporter, Hungary]
ATLAS 2010 December 2010
First global report on substance use disorders launched [World Health Organization]
Human Rights and Drug Control Policy November 2010
These briefing papers are intended to provide a basic overview of some of the core human rights issues related to drug control efforts and to show how they interconnect, and to spark a discussion of how international human rights law can be engaged to address a range of human rights concerns raised by drug enforcement laws, policies, and practices [Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network]
Towards a coherent policy on psychoactive substances November 2010
Statement by Professor Hamid Ghodse, President of the [International Narcotics Control Board]
The European Union and the drug phenomenon October 2010
Frequently asked questions [EMCDDA and the European Commission]
Boosting drug monitoring capacity across Europe and beyond October 2010
EU drugs agency explores cooperation with Europe's closest neighbours [EMCDDA]
Tools for Debate: US Federal Government Data on Cannabis Prohibition October 2010
A report of the [International Centre for Science in Drug Policy]
Does drug policy matter? A comparativ­e analysis September 2010
Different countries have tried different mixtures of penal, public health and other measures to limit the harms associated with the use of illicit drugs. This paper draws some lessons from these various attempts, with a specific focus on drug policy and its outcomes in the USA, Sweden, the Netherlands, Portugal and England & Wales [Alex Stevens, University of Kent, UK]
Research For Recovery: A Review of the Drugs Evidence Base September 2010
A review of international evidence to support Scotland's National Drugs Strategy, The Road to Recovery. This report presents evidence on effective treatment and recovery from substance misuse - Main findings [Scottish Government, UK]
Accessibility of HIV Prevention for People who Use Drugs and Incarcerated People July 2010
Accessibility of HIV Prevention, Treatment and Care Services for People who Use Drugs and Incarcerated People in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan: Legislative and Policy Analysis and Recommendations for Reform. PDF download [Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network]
Drug Control July 2010
DOD Needs to Improve Its Performance Measurement System to Better Manage and Oversee Its Counternarcotics Activities [GAO, USA]
Drug Control July 2010
International Programs Face Significant Challenges Reducing the Supply of Illegal Drugs but Support Broad U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives [GAO, USA]
Strategy to halt and reverse the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in Asia and the Pacific July 2010
The regional strategy, - A strategy to halt and reverse the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in Asia and the Pacific 2010-2015, is a roadmap for Member States, Civil Society and Development Agencies on how to successfully address the HIV epidemic among people who inject drugs in Asia and the Pacific [UNODC]
World Drug Report 2010 - Contents June 2010
Full report PDF, 14.6 MB [UNODC]
Links between executions and foreign funding of counter-drug operation June 2010
IHRA's Senior Human Rights Analyst Damon Barrett appeared on Radio Australia to discuss the organisation’s latest report, ‘Complicity or Abolition? – The Death Penalty and International Support for Drug Enforcement’ [IHRA]
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2009 June 2010
One disturbing trend highlighted in the present report is the increasing abuse of pharmaceutical preparations containing substances under international control. In the United States of America, where the problem is well documented, the abuse of prescription medicines is more prevalent than the abuse of cocaine, heroin or methamphetamine - PDF [INCB]
Precursors and chemicals frequently used in the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances June 2010
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2009 on the Implementation of Article 12 of the United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988 - PDF [INCB]
Narcotic Drugs Technical Report 2009 June 2010
Psychotropic Substances Technical Report 2009 June 2010
Hemispheric Drug Strategy May 2010
Adopted at its forty-seventh regular session [Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission]
IDPC Report - Response to the INCB Annual Report May 2010
Although at points perhaps more conciliatory in tone than in previous years, the document reveals the Board as a body that maintains a very narrow and selective interpretation of the drug control conventions PDF [IDPC]
World Bank Report May 2010
Innocent bystanders: developing countries and the war on drugs PDF [IDPC]
Standards and guidelines for practices May 2010
This page contains a listing of national drug treatment guidelines in Europe [EMCDDA]
IHRA launches 'Through a harm reduction lens: Civil society engagement in multilateral decision making' report April 2010
This report examines the ways in which multilaterals are currently engaging civil society groups working on harm reduction in international policy, including the engagement of leading non-governmental organisations and the involvement of affected communities [IHRA]
Report of the 53rd Commission on Narcotic Drug April 2010
Report on the fifty-third session (2 December 2009 and 8-12 March 2010) [United Nations]
UNODC 2010 Annual Report April 2010
"This Report shows how health, security and justice are the antidotes to drugs, crime and terrorism" said UNODC Executive Director Antonio Maria Costa - Full report [UNODC]
Professor A Thomas McLellan: Lecture at the National Addiction Centre UK March 2010 March 2010
Professor McLellan was invited by Mike Ashton of Drug and Alcohol Findings to speak at the National Addiction Centre. The event was hosted by the NAC, organised by Drug and Alcohol Findings, Drugscope and Conference Consortium [FEAD, UK]
Work programme 2010 March 2010
The 2010 work programme is the first to fall under the EMCDDA’s new three-year strategy and work programme (2010–12). In terms of substantive technical activities, the three-year strategy aims to consolidate the core data sets held by the agency and enable more complex analysis of them PDF [EMCDDA]
Drug control, crime prevention and criminal justice March 2010
A Human Rights perspective [UNODC]
Afghanistan Drug Control March 2010
Strategy Evolving and Progress Reported, but Interim Performance Targets and Evaluation of Justice Reform Efforts Needed - Summary [GAO, USA]
IDPC Drug Policy Guide March 2010
This is the first edition of the IDPC Drug Policy Guide aimed at national government policy makers PDF [International Drug Policy Consortium]
INCB Annual Report 2009 February 2010
[International Narcotics Control Board]
Narcotic Drugs Technical Report February 2010
Report for 2009 [International Narcotics Control Board]
Psychotropic Substances Technical Report February 2010
Report for 2009 [International Narcotics Control Board]
Commission on narcotic drugs February 2010
Documents for the Fifty-third session. Vienna, Austria, 8 - 12 March 2010 [UNODC]
Beckley Briefing paper - Drug use: Knowledge, Culture and Context January 2010
This briefing paper aims to stimulate discussion around the need for a qualitative corrective to complement the currently dominant quantitative approach. While leaving some areas of this emergent debate unexplored, we examine the major causes and effects of the relatively impoverished understanding of drug use, and go on to suggest ways in which the situation can begin to be addressed and alleviated [International Drug Policy Consortium]
Beckley Briefing paper - What can we learn from Sweden’s drug policy experience? January 2010
This briefing paper will analyse Swedish drug control policy in its legal, clinical, political, social and cultural dimensions and consider the claims and policy-objectives it has been used to support. In the course of this analysis, it will explore the implications of Sweden’s model, if any, for other countries [International Drug Policy Consortium]
Narco-Jihad January 2010
Drug Trafficking and Security in Afghanistan and Pakistan [NBR]
The Death Penalty for Drug Offences January 2010
A Violation of International Human Rights Law. 33-page PDF [IHRA]
Status of the Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs Counternarcotics Programs in Afghanistan December 2009
Full Status report. 67-page PDF [United States Department of State, Office of Inspector General]
Opium Poppy Cultivation in South-East Asia December 2009
While focusing on the opium problem (mostly in rural communities), we should not lose sight of rapidly increasing production and use of synthetic drugs (mostly in cities) in the Greater Mekong region. It would be a Pyrrhic victory for drug control if South-East Asia’s appetite for opium was simply replaced by a new craving for ampethamine-type stimulants. 119-page PDF [UNODC]
Legislative Innovation in Drug Policy November 2009
This briefing summarises good practices in legislative reforms around the world, representing steps away from a repressive zero-tolerance model towards a more evidence-based and humane drug policy [Latin American Initiative on Drugs and Democracy via IDPC]
Transform launch new guide to legal regulation of drugs in the House of Commons November 2009
' After the War on Drugs: Blueprint for Regulation' has been launched at an event in the House of Commons, with simultaneous launches taking place in the US (at the Drug Policy Alliance conference in Albuquerque ), Australia and Mexico. December will see further launch events in Brazil and the EU parliament [TDPF, UK]
Keeping tabs on synthetic drugs November 2009
Globally, there are significantly more users of synthetic drugs than there are users of heroin and cocaine combined [UNODC]
2009 Annual report: the state of the drugs problem in Europe November 2009
The report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe presents the EMCDDA's yearly overview of the drug phenomenon. 2.97 MB PDF [EMCDDA]
The Invisible Tide November 2009
Towards an International Strategy to Deal with Drug Trafficking Through West Africa. 44-page PDF [International Peace Institute]
Videos from The Globalisation of Addiction October 2009
Bruce Alexander with SFF and KDOS [FEAD, UK]
Cocaine Trafficking to Europe October 2009
Options of Supply Control. 37-page PDF [German Institute for International and Security Affairs]
The 2009 World Drug Report October 2009
A Response From the [International Drug Policy Consortium]
FEAD (Film Exchange on Alcohol and Drugs) August 2009
A resource that brings short video presentations from leading figures in the alcohol and drugs field direct to your screen. The contributors cover a range of topics honestly and directly - including: achievements, problem areas, and reflections on the field's history. Many people have found the website useful in helping discussions and expanding on practice and theory. Please feel free to use the material to enrich your events, seminars, groups, teaching etc
Drug policy reform in practice August 2009
This article provides an overview of European drug policy practices regarding harm reduction, decriminalization of consumption and possession, and more tolerant policies towards cannabis, particularly in The Netherlands and several states in the US. 19-page PDF [TNI, Netherlands & Nueva Sociedad]
Strategy and work programme 2010-2012 July 2009
This work programme ensures that the EMCDDA remains a key resource for Europe — providing high-quality information to underpin effective drug policies and serving as a catalyst for supporting and developing national information systems [EMCDDA]
The Role of DEA in Controlling Drug Abuse July 2009
Slide show - American Society of Interventional Pain Physicians. 119-page PDF [DEA, USA]
Pseudoephedrine Smurfing Fuels Surge in Large-Scale Methamphetamine Production in California June 2009
The National Drug Intelligence Center collected and analyzed data and reporting from 2007-through May 2009 related to methamphetamine production and pseudoephedrine smurfing. This report draws upon data from the National Seizure System, as well as information obtained through interviews with federal, state, and local law enforcement officers [NDIC, USA]
World Drug Report 2009 June 2009
It provides detailed estimates and trends on production, trafficking and consumption in the opium/heroin, coca/cocaine, cannabis and amphetamine-type stimulants markets. This year, for the first time, the World Drug Report includes special feature sections on the quality of drug data available to UNODC, trends in drug use among young people and police-recorded drug offences. It also discusses one the most formidable unintended consequences of drug control - the black market for drugs - and how the international community best can tackle it [UNODC]
Drugs and Democracy: Toward a Paradigm Shift June 2009
Statement by the Latin [American Commission on Drugs and Democracy]
Assessment of compulsory treatment of people who use drugs in Cambodia, China, Malaysia and Viet Nam June 2009
An application of selected human rights principles [WHO]
Response to the 2008 Annual Report of the International Narcotics Control Board June 2009
This response to the 2008 Annual Report focuses on the INCB analysis of the history of the drug control system, and on its positions on three contemporary debates – harm reduction, the search for effective cannabis control, and the Bolivian request for reconsideration of the status of the coca leaf. 12-page PDF [IDPC]
Commission on Narcotic Drugs Political Declaration now available June 2009
At the fifty-second session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, held in Vienna from 11 to 20 March 2009, Heads of States adopted the Political Declaration and Plan of Action on International Cooperation towards an Integrated and Balanced Strategy to Counter the World Drug Problem [UNODC]
Mexico’s Narco-Insurgency and U.S. Counterdrug Policy June 2009
This monograph argues that the Merida Initiative - and, by extension, U.S. counternarcotics strategy as a whole - suffers from a basic lack of balance. 67-page PDF [Strategic Studies Institute, USA]
Drug control - Report to the Co-Chairman, Caucus on International Narcotics Control, U.S. Senate June 2009
Better Coordination with the Department of Homeland Security and an Updated Accountability Framework Can Further Enhance DEA’s Efforts to Meet Post-9/11 Responsibilities. 80-page PDF [GAO, USA]
Presentations from the 2009 National Drug Treatment Conference June 2009
Full list of speaker presentations from the conference, along with online audio of the main hall speeches, powerpoint presentations, abstracts and biographies [Exchange Supplies, UK]
Assessing Changes in Global Drug Problems, 1998–2007 May 2009
This Main Report provides a dispassionate overview of the true nature and extent of the problem today, and to assist policy makers at national and regional levels to deal with it. It was suggested that the drugs market be looked at as if it were licit, in order to get a clearer picture of the way that it works. 84-page PDF [Trimbos Institute and RAND]
It's their own fault for doing drugs May 2009
Inaugural Professorial Lecture May 2009 - This lecture explored the negative impact of the war on drugs upon drug users [Professor Julian Buchanan, Glyndwr University, Wales, UK]
A report on Global Illicit Drugs Markets 1998-2007 May 2009
This Report provides an assessment of how the global market for drugs developed from 1998 to 2007 and describes drug policy around the globe during that period. To the extent data allow, it then assesses how much policy measures, at the national and international levels, have influenced drug problems. 74-page PDF [Europa]
Assessing Changes in Global Drug Problems, 1998-2007 April 2009
This report provides key findings of the RAND Europe study which assesses how the global market for illicit drugs has developed from 1998 to 2007 and describes worldwide drug policies implemented during that period to address the problem [RAND]
UNODC launches 2009 Annual Report March 2009
The Annual Report 2009 also provides glimpses of other projects, resource mobilization, strategy implementation and development of strategic partnerships. 58-page PDF [UNODC]
How to tackle a disturbing consequence of drug control March 2009
The Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) takes place from 11 to 20 March. In preparation for the meeting, the Executive Director of UNODC, Antonio Maria Costa, has prepared a paper on Organized Crime (PDF) as a Threat to Security [UNODC]
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2008 February 2009
Harm Reduction and Human Rights January 2009
This report provides a concise overview of the global situation in terms of drug-related HIV epidemics worldwide, with a particular focus on the regions of Asia, Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the Caribbean, Latin America, the Middle East and North Africa, and Sub Saharan Africa. 26-page PDF [IHRA]
Counternarcotics and Law Enforcement Country Programs January 2009
Listed by country [Department of State, USA]
International Support for Harm Reduction January 2009
An overview of multi-lateral endorsement of harm reduction policy and practice. 13-page PDF [UNGASS]
New Report Outlines a Just and Effective Foreign Policy toward Colombia December 2008
The Compass for Colombia Policy, written by some of Washington's top Colombia experts, offers a better way forward for one of the main foreign policy challenges that the next administration will face. PDF [WOLA]
2008 Annual report: the state of the drugs problem in Europe November 2008
The report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe presents the EMCDDA's yearly overview of the drug phenomenon. This is an essential reference book for policymakers, specialists and practitioners in the drugs field or indeed anyone seeking the latest findings on drugs in Europe [EMCDDA]
National drug-related research in Europe October 2008
Drug-related research is crucial to understanding Europe’s drug problems. Research enables Europe to learn lessons from the past, by identifying historical patterns of drug use, and studying the cycles and variations in the use of substances. 36-page PDF [EMCDDA]
Towards a better understanding of drug-related public expenditure in Europe [July 2008]
A confirmed political will to address the drugs problem in Europe lies not only in the development of appropriate policies, but in the amount of public funds assigned to implement such policies PDF [EMCDDA]
Rewriting history [June 2008]
A response to the 2008 World Drug Report. 10-page PDF [TNI, Netherlands]
World Drug Report 2008 [June 2008]
As in previous years, the present Report is based on data obtained primarily from the annual reports questionnaire (ARQ) sent by Governments to UNODC in 2007, supplemented by other sources when necessary and where available Full 8.85 MB PDF [UNODC]
A cannabis reader: global issues and local experiences [June 2008]
Perspectives on cannabis controversies, treatment and regulation in Europe. In over 700 pages, leading European experts provide informed insight into a wide range of cannabis topics: from political, legislative, economic and social developments to prevention, treatment and healthcare [EMCDDA]
Security Council Resolution 1817 (2008) [June 2008]
Acknowledges the mandate and the leading role played by INCB in international drug control [INCB]
EMCDDA General report of activities 2007 [June 2008]
Published every spring, it catalogues the Centre's achievements in each area of its annual work programme. 13-page PDF [EMCDDA] [June 2008]
The Latin American 'Blue Ribbon' Commission
This high-level commission (co-chaired by 3 former presidents, and involving 18 members drawn from public life across Latin America)... [IDPC] [June 2008]
Report On The Second Meeting of The EU Civil Society Forum [June 2008]
The European Commission has established a standing mechanism for consultation with civil society on drugs issues [IDPC] [June 2008]
The current state of drug policy debate
Trends in the last decade in the European Union and United Nations. 21-page PDF Report [TNI-UNGASS] [June 2008]
IDPC Advocacy Guide, Version 4 [June 2008]
This version has only minor changes from the previous version, distributed in April, and will be the final version of the advocacy guide. From now on, a series of IDPC updates on the UN Drug Policy Review will be produced, the first being scheduled for the end of July. The IDPC Advocacy Guide provides an update on the emerging process for the review of global policies on controlled drugs being conducted under the auspices of the United Nations [IDPC]
Drug control in Georgia: drug testing and the reduction of drug use? [May 2008]
The Republic of Georgia has experienced rapid economic, political and social change after the gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Drug-related affairs are no exception. Download PDF [IDPC]
Global State of Harm Reduction 2008 [May 2008]
Mapping the response to drug-related HIV and hepatitis C epidemics. Full report 6MB PDF [IHRA]
Drugs and Conflict [May 2008]
How the mutual impact of illicit drug economies and violent conflict influences sustainable development, peace and stability [GTZ]
Latin America needs a new drug policy approach [May 2008]
The inaugural meeting in Rio de Janeiro of the Latin American Commission on Drugs and Democracy [UNGASS]
Harm Reduction Developments 2008 [April 2008]
Countries with Injection-Driven HIV Epidemics. 84- page PDF [Open Society Institute]
NGO Regional Consultation - Australia and New Zealand [April 2008]
This report presents the findings from the consultations held in Australia and New Zealand as part of Beyond 2008, a project of the Vienna NGO Committee on Narcotic Drugs. Beyond 2008 is a rare opportunity for grass-roots expertise to contribute to a global drug policy process. 5-page PDF [ANCD, NZDF]
Nothing About Us Without Us [April 2008]
Greater, meaningful involvement of people who use illegal drugs: A public health, ethical, and human rights imperative (International edition). 83-page PDF [Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network, International HIV/AIDS Alliance, Open Society Institute]
Making drug control ‘fit for purpose’: Building on the UNGASS decade [April 2008]
Report by the Executive Director of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime as a contribution to the review of the twentieth special session of the General Assembly. 20-page PDF [UNODC]
IDPC Briefing number 8 [April 2008]
Report on proceedings at the 2008 Commission on Narcotic Drugs [IDPC]
IDPC advocacy guide version three [April 2008]
The latest version of the IDPC Advocacy Guide provides an update on the emerging process for the review of global policies on controlled drugs being conducted under the auspices of the United Nations. 12-page PDF [IDPC]
Beyond 2008: An International NGO Forum [March 2008]
The current global review is allowing NGOs in nine regions of the world to reflect on their contribution to the world’s response to drugs as well as to begin building new relationship that will lead to improved responses in the future. The Vancouver consultation was one of two held in North America. 31-page PDf [Centre for Addictions Research of BC, Canada]
Latin American Drugs II: Improving Policy and Reducing Harm [March 2008]
This report analyses policies and their political and social ramifications and presents policy recommendations. 52-page PDF [International Crisis Group]

UNODC Annual Report [2008]

Covering activities in 2007. 58-page PDF [UNODC]
Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2007 [2008]
Chapters for download or whole report as 3.5MB PDF [INCB]

Unique in International Relations? [2008]

A Comparison of the International Narcotics Control Board and the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies? 46-page PDF [IDPC]

Beckley Foundation Report 13 [2008]

This report - a collaborative effort between several drugs, health, and human rights NGOs ? looks at the tensions between some aspects of the global drug control system, and UN human rights standards. 52-page PDF [IDPC]

IDPC Briefing 7 [2008]

The International Narcotics control Board; Current tensions and options for reform. 23-page PDF [IDPC]

Partnership with business [2008]

Co-operation with Industry is a core element of international drug precursor control [European Commission]


Drug precursors: external aspects [2008]

This Regulation lays down the rules governing the thorough monitoring of the trade in precursor drugs between the European Union (EU) and third countries [Europa]


Combating drugs [2008]

Cooperation between the Member States in the fight against drugs [Europa]


New Report on the INCB

“Unique in International Relations?: A Comparison of the International Narcotics Control Board and the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies”. 46-page PDF [IHRA]


UNODC Annual Report 2007

The UNODC Annual Report for 2007 (covering activities in 2006) provides an overview of the organization's activities worldwide [UNODC]


EMCDDA Annual report 2007

The report on the state of the drugs problem in Europe presents the EMCDDA's yearly overview of the drug phenomenon [European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction]


International drug control: 100 years of success?

TNI comments on the UNODC World Drug Report 2006 [TNI]


Tackling drugs to reduce poverty

The United Nations Office of Drug Control claimed in 2006 that 'Drug control is working and the world drug problem is being contained'. Yet the scale and diversity of the illicit global drug trade has increased in the last decade, as have rates of drug use in most countries [id21, UK]


2006 Report on the global AIDS epidemic: May 2006

This report includes country, regional and global estimates for the HIV and AIDS epidemic at the end of 2005 and 2003. It also describes the evidence, the success stories and the challenges that confront countries and the international communitiy in responding to the epidemic [UNAIDS]


Report of the International Narcotics Control Board for 2006

For many generations, attempts have been made to combat the adverse effects of illicit drug trafficking and abuse, and institutions have been set up at the national and international levels to address those issues. Significant progress has been made in reducing illicit drug trafficking and abuse, though a lot more remains to be done [United Nations]


EU drugs strategy (2005-2012)

The EU drugs strategy for the period 2005–2012 was endorsed by the European Council of 16–17 December 2004. This new strategy builds on the final evaluation of the 2000–2004 EU drugs strategy and action plan on drugs (COM (2004) 707 final) and on Europol and EMCDDA contributions in this context (Snapshots 1999-2004 and thematic papers) [EMCDDA]


The EU drugs action plan (2005-2008)

Having examined the proposal of the Commission put forward in February 2005, the Council endorsed the EU drugs action plan (2005-2008) in June 2005 (taking fully into account the final evaluation of the EU drug strategy and EU action plan (2000-2004) [EMCDDA]


Bern – Informal drug policy dialogue

Report from 6 & 7 November 2006, the third meeting of the [Andreas G. Papandreou Foundation (APF) and the Transnational Institute (TNI)]


Looking at the UN, smelling a rat

A comment on ‘Sweden’s succesful drug policy: a review of the evidence’ UNODC september 2006 [CEDRO, Netherlands]


International Narcotics Control Strategy Report

The 2005 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) is an annual report by the Department of State to Congress prepared in accordance with the Foreign Assistance Act. It describes the efforts of key countries to attack all aspects of the international drug trade in Calendar Year 2004

[US Department of State]


Report of the International Narcotics Control for 2004



A Fourth International Convention for Drug Policy: Promoting Public Health Policies

The book outlines various opportunities for a new international drug regime and proposes a new Fourth Framework Convention. This incorporates measures for promoting public health through substitution treatment, prevention, education and alternative development, as well as the evaluation and application of such measures

David Spivack, The British Institute of International and Comparative Law

Senlis Council March 2004


Illicit Drug Policies and the Global HIV Epidemic Effects of UN and National Government Approaches

While HIV transmission through contaminated injection equipment is well documented, less attention has been paid to the ways that illicit drug policy and related issues, such as patterns of arrest of drug users or government stance toward provision of sterile injection equipment, shape global trends in HIV infection

Daniel Wolfe and Kasia Malinowska-Sempruch

International Harm Reduction Development Program March 2004 OSI


Public spending on drugs in the European Union during the 1990s - retrospective research

An initial overview (using the information available) of the first comprehensive research carried out at European level on public expenditure [EMCDDA]


Public expenditure on drugs in the EU

Postma, M. (2004).EMCDDA


Public spending on drugs in the European Union during the 1990s, EMCDDA

Retrospective research 2003 [EMCDDA]


Reducing the harm of drugs

Some have perceived a contradiction between drug prevention and treatment on the one hand and efforts to reduce the negative health and social consequences of drug use on the other. However, in a new discussion paper, UNODC says that these are in fact complementary rather than contradictory [UNODC]


U.S. Assistance Has Helped Mexican Counternarcotics Efforts

But Tons of Illicit Drugs Continue to Flow into the United States. 46-page PDF [GAO, USA]


IDPC Advocacy Guide (Version Two)

The second version of the IDPC Advocacy Guide provides an update on the emerging process for the review of global policies on controlled drugs being conducted under the auspices of the United Nations. 10-page PDF [IDPC]


Closed to reason: Time for accountability for the International Narcotic Control Board

For more than two decades, the International Narcotic Control Board (INCB) has tried to stop harm reduction and its HIV prevention programs. This posture is based on a fundamental misunderstanding of their responsibilities and of drug addiction itself [Harm Reduction Journal]


International Human Rights Jurisprudence on Issues Relating to Drug Use and Harm Reduction

Commissioned by the Open Society Institute Law and Health Initiative, this research paper reviews jurisprudence from treaty-monitoring bodies of the United Nations and selected regional and national human rights courts that can be used to advocate for the human rights of people who use drugs. 24-page PDF [Open Society Institute, USA]


EMCDDA publishes Country situation summaries for 28 countries

Country situation summaries provide a quick, structured overview of the trends and characteristics of national drug problems [EMCDDA]


Crime and Development in Central America

The countries of Central America are diverse. But they have one thing in common. They are all affected - to varying degrees - by drugs, crime and poverty. 101-page PDF [UNODC]


Closed to Reason: The International Narcotic Board and HIV/AIDS

A 37-page report arguing that the International Narcotics Board hampers efforts to address the HIV epidemic among injecting drug users [Policy Pointers Worldwide]


Situational analysis of illicit drug issues and responses in the Asia-Pacific region

The body of this report provides a brief summary of the current illicit drug use situation, country responses to illicit drug issues, and Australian and international involvement in relation to illicit drugs for each country [Australian Policy Online]


Study on the legal aspects of substitution treatment for opioid dependent drug users : an insight into nine European countries

Because little is known about the regulation of substitution treatment in the EU-countries, the EMCDDA commissioned a research project in addition to the forementioned study. It was granted to the Catholic University of Leuven (KULeuven), Belgium, the main purpose being to focus specifically on laws and other regulations with regard to substitution treatment and their implication(s) on practices in several EU countries. The following is an outline of this research project and the general conclusions mentioned in the final report.


Research Centre Forensic Mental Health Care (Prof. Dr. JorisCasselman), Catholic University Leuven, Belgium 2002


Evidence for Action on HIV/AIDS and Injecting Drug Use

5 Policy briefs [WHO]


Drugs and decision-making in the European Union

Drugs figure prominently on the political agenda of the European Union. While policy on drugs is still primarily the responsibility of individual member states, the Council of the European Union increasingly forges agreements on a joint approach. The European Commission too has complementary powers in certain drug-related matters as part of Community policy

[Tim Boekhout van Solinge. 2002. CEDRO]


Injecting drug users in Europe

It has been estimated that there are now 800,000 active drug injecters living in the European Union. Drug injecting, which causes AIDS, is commonly practised among the drug abusers in this part of the world, where it quickly triggered a full-scale endemic of AIDS, HBV and HCV The various member-countries have responded in different ways. But the rates of infection are still alarmingly high everywhere: they are often above 50%, and in some groups, 90% of the drug abusers have been contaminated with the hepatitis C virus

Lucas Wiessing

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA), Lisbon 2001


The role of Civil Society in Drugs Policy in the European Union

Green paper on the role of Civil Society in Drugs Policy in the EU [Europa]


Cracks in the Vienna Consensus - The UN Drug Control Debate

Four decades have passed since the first United Nations drug control convention entered into force. Numerous UN conferences and summits have been devoted to negotiating a harmonized global approach to illicit drugs. Yet more and more cracks are now beginning to appear in the supposedly universal model which is, in reality, based on a highly fragile consensus

Martin Jelsma and Pin Metaal WOLA Drug War Monitor, January 2004 [Transnational Institute]


49th Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs

The documentation of the 49th Session of the Commission on Narcotic Drugs, which took place on March 13th-17th, is now available for download [UNODC]


Beckley report 11 - The Funding of the United Nations Office on Drugs & Crime; An Unfinished Jigsaw

This report aims to provide a broad and accessible summary of the UNODC funding situation since 2002 [Beckley Foundation Drug Policy Programme, UK]


IDPC Briefing paper 3 - Civil society involvement in the European Union drug strategy

The third briefing paper from International Drug Policy Consortium is a response to the call of the European Commission for civil society organisations to express their views on the Commissions's Green Paper on the Role of Civil Society in Drugs Policy in the European Union [International Drug Policy Consortium]


State of Siege: Drug-Related Violence and Corruption in Mexico

WOLA's new report analyzing drug-related violence in Mexico and its relation to US drug policy [WOLA, USA]


Crisis or opportunity? Bolivian Drug Control Policy and the U.S. Response

A brief by WOLA and the Andean Information Network (AIN) with information on cooperative eradication of coca by the Morales government and U.S. policy recommendations [WOLA, USA]


Integration of supply and demand reduction strategies: moving beyond a balanced approach

INCB 2004


HIV/AIDS Policy in the United States

Monitoring the UNGASS Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS [Open Society Institute, USA]


The Evidence Base for the Classification of Drugs

This report, prepared for the UK House of Commons Select Committee on Science and Technology, presents the results of four case studies examining the evidence base for the classification of illegal drugs in the context of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 [RAND, USA]


The United Nations Drug Conventions Regime and Policy Reform

This paper describes and evaluates the options highlighted in the context of key scenarios for reform. The legal consequences which are consequences of the different options are addressed. One conclusion is that a route to Convention reform may be founded on collective action based on alliances between like-minded states

Dr. MadsAndenas and David Spivack, The British Institute of International & Comparative Law

Senlis Council August 2003


International Drug Policy Status Quaestionis

The review of the current international drug system, drafted for the Network of European Foundations Comité des Sages. The selection of articles covers various components of the drug issue and the possible implications and influence of alternative policies on the current drug control system

Prof Brice De Ruyver, Tom Vander Beken, GertVermeulen, Freya Vander Laenen, Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy, Ghent University, Maklu Publishers, Antwerp,

Senlis Council September 2003


Unintended Consequences: Drug Policies Fuel the HIV Epidemic in Russia and Ukraine

Strict UN drug control treaties directly undermine HIV prevention efforts by discouraging countries from implementing effective, realistic, and compassionate public health measures

International Harm Reduction Development Program April 2003 OSI


An Agenda for Vienna Change of Course

By 1998, when the United Nations convened a special General Assembly on drugs, there was already overwhelming evidence that the current approach to global drugs control had failed miserably, given the continuing rise in consumption and production. However, the evidence was ignored and no evaluation of what was wrong with current drug policy took place

Drugs & Conflict Debate Papers 6, March 2003 [Transnational Institute]


Cannabis Policy, Implementation and Outcomes

The political debate on cannabis policy is often more based on opinions than on evidence. However, evidence-based knowledge is required to design effective cannabis policy. A review of the scientific literature on cannabis policy and its consequences was conducted

Mirjam van hetLoo, StijnHoorens, Christian van ‘t Hof, James P. Kahan

MR-1805-VWS, © 2003 RAND


The Mechanics and Dynamics of the UN System for International Drug Control

The aim of this paper is to provide a comprehensive overview of the UN international drug control system and offer the reader the context necessary to engage with the debates surrounding some form of change within that system

David R. Bewley-Taylor B. Sc (Econ), PhD & Professor Cindy S. J. Fazey B. Sc. (Soc), PhD

Forward Thinking on Drugs 2003.


Drug Use and Drug Policy Futures: Insights from a Colloquium

Are there reasons to think drug problems and policy could change rapidly over the next 5 to 20 years? The authors believe so

Jonathan P. Caulkins, Peter Reuter, Martin Y. Iguchi, James Chiesa

IP-246-DPRC, © 2003 RAND


Illicit drugs convention reform & the United Nations agencies

This background paper, prepared for the September 2002 Comité des Sages Meeting, provides a brief summary of the positions (stated or implicit), interests and potential contributions of various UN agencies regarding reform of the three main international conventions on illicit drugs

Andrew Wilson

Senlis Council September 2002


Breaking the Impasse Polarisation & Paralysis in UN Drug Control

The big trends in drug policy over the past decade reveal two opposing tendencies: one tends towards tolerance and pragmatism and has its centre of gravity in Europe, while the other under US guidance tries to reinvigorate a zero-tolerance mentality using more repressive means. The polarisation has led to paralysis on the UN level. A more assertive European role, combined with the UNDCP reform process and the evaluation in April 2003 could provide an opportunity for a breakthrough

Drugs & Conflict Debate Paper 5, July 2002 [Transnational Institute]


Unsavory Bedfellows Washington's International Partners in the War on Drugs

The United States has made common cause with an assortment of dubious regimes around the world to wage the war on drugs. Perhaps the most shocking example was Washington's decision in May 2001 to financially reward Afghanistan's infamous Taliban government for its edict ordering a halt to the cultivation of opium poppies

Ted Galen Carpenter

Cato Foreign Policy Briefing No. 71


Coca yes, cocaine no?

Time has come to repair an historical error responsible for including the leaf amongst the most hazardous classified substances, having caused severe consequences for the Andean region. This issue of Drugs and Conflict explains the motives, context and range of this petition, as well as the procedures that need to be followed to reach this objective (20-page PDF) [TNI, USA]


The Evidence Base for the Classification of Drugs

A 16-page paper providing an evidence base for the classification of drugs, with additional information on drug use, strategy, punishment, treatment regimes and drug education in several countries [RAND, Europe]


A Failed Balance Alternative Development and Eradication

In 1961, the UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs prohibited planting crops having no medical or scientific purpose, fixing a period of 15 years –for opium– and 25 years – for coca– as deadlines for their ultimate extinction. Those targets were clearly not met. In 1998, ignoring decades of lack of success in addressing the issue of illicit crops, the UN set the year 2008 as yet another deadline by which to eliminate coca and opium. At the UN Special Session on drugs, AD was identified as a key instrument to be used in fulfilling this objective, as part of an integral anti-drugs strategy

Drugs & Conflict Debate Paper 4, March 2002


Drugs and Insurgents in Colombia

A Regional Conundrum

Research brief RB-69, 2001 RAND


Colombian Labyrinth: The Synergy of Drugs and Insurgency and Its Implications for Regional Stability NGO

Argues that U.S. policy toward Colombia has been driven to a large extent by counter-narcotics considerations, but the evolving situation in that South American country confronts the United States with as much of a national security as a drug policy problem

Angel Rabasa, Peter ChalkAngelRabasa, Peter Chalk

MR-1339-AF, 2001 RAND


Merging Wars Afghanistan, Drugs and Terrorism

Today, the two major producers of opium poppy and coca, Afghanistan and Colombia, are in the midst of shifting counterdrug strategies. In this issue we will look at the case of Afghanistan, analysing the UN International Drug Control Programme’s (UNDCP) ill fated interventions. And while international attention is focused on Afghanistan, the linkage of drugs and terrorism is endangering the troubled peace talks between the government and the FARC guerrilla in Colombia

Drugs & Conflict Debate Paper 3, November 2001 [Transnational Institute]

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